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Property Bubble in Europe – Exploring Causes and Consequences

Feb 3, 2023 | Property Bubble

Have you ever heard of a property bubble? It’s a phenomenon that has been around for centuries, yet it still remains a mystery to many. A property bubble is when the prices of properties in an area suddenly rise to unsustainable levels and then quickly fall back down again. In this article, we’ll take a look at what causes housing bubbles and why they happen. We’ll also discuss how you can protect yourself from being caught in one of these bubbles. So, buckle up, it’s time to get informed about the mysterious world of property bubbles!

Why Do Housing Bubbles Happen?

Basically, a housing bubble occurs when the demand for housing outstrips the supply, leading to an increase in home prices that is not supported by economic fundamentals. In reality, this means that people are bidding on homes and properties whose price is already inflated past what the owner would be willing to sell for. In the past, causes of property bubbles in Europe have included economic crisis, mortgage regulations and speculation, overzealous credit practices such as teaser rates or zero-down payments, government subsidies or tax breaks, and easy access to financing.

The market is overvalued due to a combination of economic, political and social factors. In the past, causes of property bubbles in Europe have included economic crisis, mortgage regulations, and speculation.

A Housing Bubble Example

Giving an example of a classic property bubble is probably the best way to understand it:

It can start with a small change that boost the local economy. Maybe some tax advantage or other help for existing or new formed businesses. Those will start doing better and start hiring more people who come to the area – needing housing of course.

In addition, they will start spending their wages in the same area to fulfil their daily needs. This again boost the local economy, as a result more workers are needed and more are coming to the area – needing more housing of course.

As the property market gets tight, prices are starting to rise. Builders and investors are seeing the opportunity, and new homes are being built. By who? Well, it seems even more workers are needed in the area, who also will need a place to live, and again their wages are helping the local economy… This goes on and on and on, and the bubble is inflating.

Once the bubble is so big that house prices and rents are tough to pay the bubble is about to burst. The problem here is that wages are not rising as much as real estate values. People have ever less money to support themselves in this area.

The first people start moving away to more affordable places. Who is watching the market knows at this stage, the bubble will burst. There may even be starting to come news saying that the bubble will burst. And that’s it, people stop buying houses to wait and see what will happen.

Nobody buys, and prices are starting to drop. Investors may also withdraw from the area. Construction companies have no more work, as nobody wants to build anymore. The economy starts going down. Businesses have to close or fire people – more people are moving away… The bubble burst!

Short-Term & Long-Term Impacts of a Property Bubble on European Economies

Property bubbles can have both short-term and long-term impacts on the economies of European countries. In the short term, house price appreciation leads to increased demand for housing and higher levels of consumer confidence. This can lead to increased investment in the economy, creating jobs and boosting economic growth.

However, in the long term, property bubbles can cause serious economic problems. When house prices become too expensive, people are unable to afford them, leading to a decrease in demand and a collapse in prices. This has a negative effect on the macroeconomy as it reduces consumer spending and investment in other sectors of the economy. It also affects banks that have lent money for mortgages as they are unable to recover their loans when house prices fall.

Navigating Through a Property Bubble – Tips & Strategies for Investors

With the real estate market in a state of flux, it can be difficult to navigate through a property bubble. But with the right strategies and tips, investors can still make smart decisions when investing in real estate during a property bubble.

Get as much information as possible, your decisions should always be based on facts. A careful analysis and watching the real estate market very closely is absolutely vital. Some investors are switching to buying foreclosure homes or fixer-uppers, basically the cheapest properties for sale that you can get. This investment may pay off in some years.

Others are analyzing the needs of the market. For example, they see many big houses empty but small apartments are still popular with the tenants. So, they are investing in buying apartment blocks with small apartments.


The European property market is undergoing a dramatic transformation. With the rise of digital technology, new regulations, and an ever-changing economic landscape, it’s important to stay informed and prepared if you want to make the most of the opportunities available. Whether you’re a buyer, seller or investor in the European property market, understanding how it works and what changes are occurring can help you make better decisions now and in the future.

Author: Jennifer